Calendar Articles

You Want Answers?-Diane


There is a  movie from the 90's titled: A Few Good Men.  In this film is a scene with a witness and a lawyer.  The dialogue goes like this:  

Witness: "You want answers?"  Lawyer: "I want the truth!"  Witness: "You can't handle the truth!"  

With that  verbal exchange  in mind - just how much truth can you handle? 

How many calendars did our Creator create? -Dennie

Let’s start out with questions to provoke our thinking.  

1.    Did our Creator create a calendar for His appointed times? 2.    Did He use a combination of the sun, moon and stars for this calendar? 3.    Did He create a second, independent calendar using just the sun?  

When did the Calendar change? -Diane

 I find it very interesting that we here and now know very little about calendar history.  First off -----which calendar is it that matters to us?   Which calendar tells us the story of the past?  Which calendar do we ‘hang our hat on’ for true reference of events?  

The Calendar Controversy -Dennie

In all of my many years as a systems analyst, and all the years in church with our family, I have never come across a subject as emotionally volatile as this calendar issue.  It seems that rational logic and a methodical investigation of the truth goes right out the window when others are presented with the truth and history.  I guess people do not want their religious belief boxes messed with.   

Behold the Moon -Diane

 When I became aware of the verse written in Jeremiah 31:35, I decided to observe the moon as much as I could to try to understand in any small way just what was assigned to it. I began to watch every new moon that was visible and discovered something interesting.  And what is the verse that piqued my interest?   

When does a Day begin? -Diane

When we discovered that many things we believed were not from God but were instead traditions of men, some even brought in from pagan practices, we looked for the true path to worship and obey Father.  We turned to our brother Judah for direction.  This however was not what YHWH wanted.

Are our Holidays Christian or Pagan? -(videos)

Have we been deceived about the spiritual roots of our Holidays?

When is New Moon day? -Diane

  In this article we will examine the three different beliefs of when New Moon day is.  We will bring in historical documents for each one and compare the information. 

How Does God's Lunar/Solar Calendar Work? - Dennie

 The tracking of time is broken down into size segments.  Seconds make up minutes, minutes make up hours, hours make up days, days make up weeks, weeks make up months, (OOPS, currently, in our Gregorian calendar, months are not made up of weeks), months make up years, years make up decades, …etc. 

Why sight the Moon from Jerusalem? - Diane

 It seems that with each new subject the Father reveals to us, along comes more confusion and opinions to sort through, and this subject of when and where to sight the new moon is no different.  We went around and around on the matter for two years.  Should we learn to spot the moon here where we live or should we go with the sighting from the land of Israel? 

How do I keep Father's Sabbath in our Day? - Dennie

 It has been very interesting over the last several years observing various acquaintances of ours and how they dealt with the calendar change issue.  I guess I could almost put it into what appears to be a two step process.   

What does Father mean by 6 days work, the 7th rest? -Diane

  I would like to start this next section with the first Feast of YHWH.  I guess this is one of the most confusion causing commands that is given by YHWH.  I have prayed and pondered and asked about this statement for as long as I can remember while walking this road of obedience to the Torah.   

Shavuot or Pentecost? - Diane

If you do not understand the true title for Shavuot (Feast of Weeks) and what it is portraying, you will not comprehend the true counting to Pentecost (fiftieth) day.   

Can you please explain how YHWH's calendar works? -Diane

Many of you who have only the western Roman calendar (Gregorian) to look to for setting dates and following holidays; the following calendar may seem a bit strange.

What do we do about Day of Atonement? -Diane

 This is a question that seems to throw a wrench in the works for a lunar based Sabbath.  Does it really?  Let us look at the verses in Leviticus and examine them. 

The 3 days and 3 nights issue - Diane

This subject seems to me to have taken on a life of its own; causing more confusion about the truth of the matter of how long Yeshua was in the grave and when he rose from the dead. 


An examination of the accounts of the fall of Jerusalem SEPTEMBER 29, 2016 BY: DIANE COVHER 

The Annual Feasts Commentary -Dennie

Scriptural Calendar solutions.

You Want Answers? - Diane

There is a  movie from the 90's titled: A Few Good Men.  In this film is a scene with a witness and a lawyer.  The dialogue goes like this:  

Witness: "You want answers?"  Lawyer: "I want the truth!"  Witness: "You can't handle the truth!"  

With that  verbal exchange  in mind - just how much truth can you handle? 

   1. The Roman (modern day) calendar is NOT YHWH’s calendar.  

   2. YHWH gave us only 1 calendar not 2 and it is based on the sun moon and stars (Gen. 1:14).  

   3. ALL His appointed times are on HIS calendar 

   4. Using the Roman calendar to determine ANY of YHWH’s appointed times is mixing with pagan practices.  

   5. The present Jewish calendar has been corrupted since the destruction of the Temple.  

   6. The time frame of the calendar metamorphous was during the 2nd and 3rd century.  

   7. Because of the mixing of two calendars, band aids have been put on the Jewish calendar to try to fix the discrepancies of clashing feasts (i.e. Day of Atonement and the Sabbath day) such as rules of postponements, delaying new moon, establishing fences and ignoring the actual sighting of the sliver of the moon.  

   8. YHWH’s day does NOT start at the beginning of darkness.  He called the LIGHT good (Gen. 1:3-4).  Never does He call darkness good.  Day is continuously spoken of before night in scripture  

   9. The beginning of the Month is determined by the appearance of the new sliver of the moon; not the astrological molad of conjunction (dark moon).  

  10. Following a constant Saturday Sabbath appears simple; however, it becomes complicated when it collides with the instructions in scripture in following the Feasts.  Once you understand YHWH’s calendar it remains simple with scripture.  

These facts are supported by historical references found in "Just give me the facts please" in the back of my book "YHWH's Unique Timepiece - Explained".



How many calendars did our Creator create? - Dennie

Let’s start out with questions to provoke our thinking.  

1.    Did our Creator create a calendar for His appointed times? 

2.    Did He use a combination of the sun, moon and stars for this calendar? 

3.    Did He create a second, independent calendar using just the sun?  

If you believe in a perpetual 7 day Saturday or Sunday sabbath, would you   

not have to answer “yes” to all three of the above questions? 


If you believe He created a second calendar using just the sun, where is the evidence in history that man has been faithful in keeping track of the 7th or 1st day of the week in that calendar since the time of creation?  What kind of chance could it be that this created  perpetual 7 day week just happens to match the Gregorian week, when the Julian calendar creators hated the Jews and their traditions?  Is it not really the Gregorian calendar we are synchronized to?  

Where did the Gregorian calendar come from?  Did it not come from Rome’s Julian calendar?  Are not its days named after pagan deities?  

What percent of the Gregorian calendar is pagan?  Could it be 100%?  

Is mixed worship defined as worshiping our Creator with a combination of His truth mixed with that of pagan origins?  Was the golden calf incident an example of men using a pagan image to worship the Creator of the universe? (Exo.32:5)  

Why is the name Babylon used and applied to the mysterious kingdom we are to flee from in Rev. 18:1-4?  What exactly does "Babylon" mean?  The Strong's concordance tells us it means confusion, to mix, mingle, to overflow as with oil or cover something or mix like you would fodder which is feed prepared for animals rather than them eating fresh grass.  Father is pleading with His children to not mix or mingle with the things of this world or to feed on the mixture laid out by the enemy.  He wants us to feed on His pure truth.  

If we are using the sun, moon and stars calendar for His annual appointed times, and the Gregorian calendar for His weekly appointed times, is this not mixed worship?  

Is this any different than the mixed worship of christmas or easter?  

If it is mixed worship, does this violate the 1st, 2nd and 4th commandments?  

Now that’s a lot of questions to arouse your emotions and challenge your comfortable belief box. 

How would YOU answer these questions?  

For years now I have wondered what applications the following verse has.

Pro 14:12  There is a way which seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof are the ways of death. 

I am convinced that one of them is following the traditions of men such as christmas, easter and the Gregorian calendar for setting our Father's appointed times.  

It's time we awake from the slumber of this world's system and return to the Ancient calendar of our Father's creation, and keep all 10 commandments.  



When did the Calendar change? Diane


 I find it very interesting that we here and now know very little about calendar history.  First off -----which calendar is it that matters to us?   Which calendar tells us the story of the past?  Which calendar do we ‘hang our hat on’ for true reference of events?  

I guess a good time in history to begin is right after the Messiah.  This time is what matters to us as to how we should keep His Passover, Unleavened Bread, First Fruits, Pentecost, Day of Trumpets, Day of Atonement, Tabernacles and His Sabbath.  

Most everyone has never carefully examined exactly when these feasts are to be done.  As I started digging for information on the calendar, I found some very interesting things.  First I started with the Gregorian calendar.  This calendar did not come into existence until the 16th century.  So, I went back to the Julian calendar which was the predecessor of the Gregorian.  This calendar did quite a metamorphosis in its lifetime.  To start with; the Roman calendar was a lunar calendar believed to have been started by Romulus in 735 BC.  This calendar had an 8-day week called the Nundina.  The 8th day was the market day.  Each year the letter indicating that day would change according to where it landed in the beginning of the new year.  In 46 BC, after visiting Cleopatra (Pharaoh of Egypt at that time), Julius Caesar reformed the calendar to a solar calendar which was fashioned after the one used in Egypt.  The Egyptian calendar however, broke the month up into 3 ‘weeks’ of 10 days.  The Julian calendar was at first mixed with the old lunar figuring, because the titles of Kalends (beginning of month), Nones (end of month), and Ides (middle of month) were still used and there were still 8 days a week.  The nundinal cycle was eventually replaced by the seven-day week which began with the day of Saturn.  This first came into use in Italy during the early imperial period in the second century.  The system of nundinal letters was also adapted for the week.  For a while, the week and the nundinal cycle coexisted, but by the time the week was officially adopted by Constantine in AD 321, the nundinal cycle had fallen out of use and the day of the Sun took the place of first day and Saturn was bumped to last.    

During the 2nd and 3rd centuries this Roman mess was being followed.  In that same area there were other calendars being used.  From reading several writings of different historical persons, I discovered at least the following calendars:  Egyptian, Macedonian, Jewish, and Roman were used.  These were all going on at the same time. To say the least, having all these calendars being observed in the same area at approximately the same time; it was not an easy thing to coordinate the feast date.  The one feast that steered the course of the Gentile Christian church away from the Jewish Christian church was the date of the Passover observance.  While the Bishops of the circumcision (Jewish Christians – many from the seventy sent out by Yeshua along with the original 12) were stationed in Jerusalem, the proper observances of YHWH’s feasts were being upheld.  However, in 135 AD Hadrian laid siege on Jerusalem and changed the lives of the Jews drastically.  He forbid the Torah and stopped the Hebrew calendar.  He then banished all Jews from the city and surrounding area even to the point of not being able to gaze at it.  With the Bishops of the circumcision removed, the gentile Christians stepped into the church leadership role.  Without Hebrew influence to stay on track according to the correct calendar (Hebrew luni\solar), followers of Yeshua began to drift away from observing the proper appointed feasts.  It was also at this time that much upheaval with the orthodox Jews and their calendar observances was taking place.   I have copied just a few writings displaying the controversy of the calendars at this time in history (2nd – 4th cen.).  

Polycrates, Bishop of Ephesus.    vol 8.08.10   2nd & 3rd centuries [a.d. 130-196.] This author comes in as an appendix to the stories of Polycarp and Irenæus and good Anicetus, and his writings also bear upon the contrast presented by the less creditable history of Victor. If, as I suppose, the appearance of our Lord to St. John on “the Lord’s day” was on the Paschal Sunday, it may at first seem surprising that this Apostle can be claimed by Polycrates in behalf of the Eastern custom to keep Easter, with the Jews, on the fourteenth day of the moon. But to the Jews the Apostles became “as Jews” in all things tolerable, so long as the Temple stood, and while the bishops of Jerusalem were labouring to identify the Paschal Lamb with their Passover. The long survival of St. John among Jewish Christians led them to prolong this usage, no doubt, as sanctioned by his example. He foreknew it would quietly pass away. The wise and truly Christian spirit of Irenæus prepared the way for the ultimate unanimity of the Church in a matter which lies at the base of “the Christian Sabbath,” and of our own observance of the first day of the week as a weekly Easter. Those who in our own times have revived the observance of the Jewish Sabbath, show us how much may be said on their side, and elucidate the tenacity of the Easterns in resisting the abolition of the Mosaic ordinance as to the Paschal, although they agreed to keep it “not with the old leaven.” 

Anatolius (230-280 AD)   vol6.04.02 “There is, then, in the first year, the new moon of the first month, which is the beginning of every cycle of nineteen years, on the six and twentieth day of the month called by the Egyptians Phamenoth.  But, according to the months of the Macedonians, it is on the two-and-twentieth day of Dystrus. And, as the Romans would say, it is on the eleventh day before the Kalends of April. Now the sun is found on the said six-and-twentieth day of Phamenoth, not only as having mounted to the first segment, but as already passing the fourth day in it. And this segment they are accustomed to call the first dodecatemorion (twelfth part), and the equinox, and the beginning of months, and the head of the cycle, and the starting-point of the course of the planets. And the segment before this they call the last of the months, and the twelfth segment, and the last dodecatemorion, and the end of the circuit of the planets. And for this reason, also, we maintain that those who place the first month in it, and who determine the fourteenth day of the Paschal season by it, make no trivial or common blunder.” 

“Nor is this an opinion confined to ourselves alone. For it was also known to the Jews of old and before Christ, and it was most carefully observed by them. And this may be learned from what Philo, and Josephus, and Musaeus have written;” 

“But nothing was difficult to them with whom it was lawful to celebrate the Passover on any day when the fourteenth of the moon happened after the equinox. Following their example up to the present time all the bishops of Asia - as themselves also receiving the rule from an unimpeachable authority, to wit, the evangelist John, who leant on the Lord’s breast, and drank in instructions spiritual without doubt - were in the way of celebrating the Paschal feast, without question, every year, whenever the fourteenth day of the moon had come, and the lamb was sacrificed by the Jews after the equinox was past; not acquiescing, so far as regards this matter, with the authority of some, namely, the successors of Peter and Paul, who have taught all the churches in which they sowed the spiritual seeds of the Gospel, that the solemn festival of the resurrection of the Lord can be celebrated only on the Lord’s day. Whence, also, a certain contention broke out between the successors of these, namely, Victor, at that time bishop of the city of Rome, and Polycrates, who then appeared to hold the primacy among the bishops of Asia. And this contention was adjusted most rightfully by Irenaeus, at that time president of a part of Gaul, so that both parties kept by their own order, and did not decline from the original custom of antiquity. The one party, (Polycrates) indeed, kept the Paschal day on the fourteenth day of the first month, according to the Gospel, as they thought, adding nothing of an extraneous kind, but keeping through all things the rule of faith. And the other party, passing the day of the Lord’s Passion as one replete with sadness and grief, hold that it should not be lawful to celebrate the Lord’s mystery of the Passover at any other time but on the Lord’s day, on which the resurrection of the Lord from death took place, and on which rose also for us the cause of everlasting joy.” 

Clement of Alexandria – vol2.05.03 “And the paschal feast began with the tenth day, being the transition from all trouble, and from all objects of sense.” 

Epiphanius (310-403AD) (Panarion – book II and book III) “For they choose to celebrate the Passover with the Jews – that is, they contentiously celebrate the Passover at the same time that the Jews are holding their Festival of Unleavened Bread.  And indeed, <it is true> that this used to be the church’s custom -   9,7 For long ago even from the earliest days, its various celebrations in the church differed –  (8) And in a word, as is not unknown to many scholarly persons, there was a lot of muddle and tiresomeness every time a controversy was aroused in the church’s teaching about this festival….and down to our own day.  This has been the situation ever since <the church> was thrown into disorder after the time of the circumcised bishops. (4) And there were altogether fifteen bishops from the circumcision.  And at that time, when the circumcised bishops were consecrated at Jerusalem, it was essential that the whole world follow and celebrate with them.  <But> since <the festival> could not be celebrated <in this way> for such a long time, by God’s good pleasure <a correction> was made for harmony’s sake in the time of Constantine. 12,1 And much could be said about the good the fathers did – or rather, the good God did through them– by arriving at the absolutely  correct determination, for the church, of this all-venerable, all-holy Paschal Feast, its celebration after the equinox, which is the day on which the date of the fourteenth of the lunar month falls.  Not that we are to keep it on the fourteenth itself; the Jews require one day while we require not one day but six, a full week.  (2)The Law itself says, to extend the time,  “Ye shall take for yourselves a lamb of a year old, without blemish perfect, on the tenth of the month, and ye shall keep it until the fourteenth,  and ye shall slay it near evening on the fourteenth day of the month that is, the lunar. But the church observes the Paschal festival, that is, the week which is designated even by the apostles themselves  in the Ordinance, beginning with the second day of the week, the purchase of the lamb.  And the lamb is publicly slaughtered (i.e. by the Jews) if the fourteenth of the month falls on the second day of the week – or if it falls on the third, the fourth, the fifth, the eve of the Sabbath or the Sabbath, for the six days are designated for this purpose.” 

Note:  Since the Bishops of circumcision were no longer in the lead of church instruction because of Hadrian’s decree to be banished from Jerusalem and the Hebrew calendar was no longer allowed;  The church was literally left in the hands of the Gentile converts who knew very little of Hebrew understanding.  From this time on the Gentiles and Jews became farther and farther apart to the point the Jews were despised by the church leaders and by some were labeled Christ killers. If you look closely at the underlined quote in the last paragraph of Epiphanius, he makes a statement from the Ordinance of the apostles about beginning on the second day of the week – the purchase of the lamb.  He then goes into this confusing Passover explanation of how to fit the six required days they kept at that time by using the Julian calendar.  However, that statement by the apostles is based on a lunar week, for on a lunar calendar the 10th of the month IS the second day of the week.  

Two Perpetual Calendars   by William Becker 1995 The inconsistencies of the present calendar came about by the forced amalgamation (by Constantine) of the Roman (Egyptian) solar calendar of 365 (or 366) days, with the 28-day lunar calendar divided into quarters of seven-day weeks. The calendar as we know it repeats the same date on the same day of the month and week only after several years, as I'm sure you are aware. Grasshopper Dates. The problem is to make the solar year divisible into seven-day lunar weeks, which are now so ingrained into our way of life. Three hundred and sixty four days divided by seven equals 52 weeks. 

Jewish Encyclopedia - WEEK (Hebr. "shabua'," plural "shabu'im," "shabu'ot";   

           Aramaic, "shabbeta," "shabba"; N. T. Greek, σάββατον, σάββαατα): Connection with Lunar Phases. A division of time comprising seven days, thus explaining the Hebrew name. There are indications of the use of another system of reckoning time, in which the month was divided into three parts of ten days each, the decade being designated in Hebrew by the term " 'asor" (Gen. xxiv. 55; comp. the commentaries of Dillmann and Holzinger ad loc.; Ex. xii. 3; Lev. xvi. 29, xxiii. 27, xxv. 9). This apparently represented one-third of the solar month, while the week of seven days was connected with the lunar month, of which it is, approximately, a fourth. The quadripartite division of the month was evidently in use among the Hebrews and other ancient peoples; but it is not clear whether it originated among the former. It is unnecessary to assume, however, that it was derived from the Babylonians, for it is equally possible that observations of the four phases of the moon led the Hebrew nomads spontaneously and independently to devise the system of dividing the interval between the successive new moons into four groups of seven days each. 

HILLEL II.: Patriarch (330-365A.D.) 

Tradition ascribes to him an enactment which proved of incalculable benefit to his coreligionists of his own and of subsequent generations. To equalize the lunar with the solar year, and thereby render possible the universal celebration of the festivals on the days designated in the Bible, occasional intercalations of a day in a month and of a month in a year were required. 

During the persecutions under Hadrian and in the time of his successor, Antoninus Pius, the martyr Rabbi Akiba and his pupils attempted to lay down rules for the intercalation of a month. 

Under the patriarchate of Simon III (140-163) a great quarrel arose concerning the feast-days and the leap-year, which threatened to cause a permanent schism between the Babylonian and the Palestinian communities—a result which was only averted by the exercise of much diplomacy. 

In 325 the Council of Nice was held, and by that time the equinox had retrograded to March 21. This council made no practical change in the existing civil calendar, but addressed itself to the reform of the Church calendar, which was soli-lunar on the Jewish system.Great disputes had arisen as to the time of celebrating Easter. Moreover, the Church was not fully established, many Christians being still simply Jewish sectarians. A new rule was therefore made, which, while still keeping Easter dependent on the moon, prevented it from coinciding with Passover. 

The persecutions under Constantius finally decided the patriarch, Hillel II (330-365), to publish rules for the computation of the calendar, which had hitherto been regarded as a secret science. 

While digging for some kind of path that was carved at this time, I realized that this was such a time of turmoil for not just Jews and Christians, but for all who lived in the area.  As one writer said – This was a time when they were busier with speaking life than recording it (my paraphrase).  If however, you want to read for yourself all the writings, I looked through the following:    History of Hadrian, Ante-Nicene Fathers, Epiphanius, Eusebuis church history, Irenaeus, and Catholic Church history, Jewish Encyclopedia (Hillel II, Calendar, and Week).



The Calendar Controversy - Dennie

 In all of my many years as a systems analyst, and all the years in church with our family, I have never come across a subject as emotionally volatile as this calendar issue.  It seems that rational logic and a methodical investigation of the truth goes right out the window when others are presented with the truth and history.  I guess people do not want their religious belief boxes messed with.  

We are in a day like man has never been in before with the world’s information at our finger tips in our own living rooms on the internet.  We do have to sort through all the misinformation and opinions about the subject we are researching, but if we keep digging deep enough, we will find the truth.  

I would encourage anyone wanting to know when the true biblical sabbath is, to begin studying the history of calendars that men have governed their lives around and get a feel as to why they were changed.  

Secondly, I would recommend studying the ancient Hebrew calendar and how the pieces perfectly fit biblical scripture.  

Thirdly, you can download and read my wife Diane’s book “YHWH's Unique Time-Piece, explained”, free on this web site.  She has done a lot of research for you.  

I pray that you open your mind and your heart to the truth as you research this issue.  I believe it is extremely important to our Father for us to return to His correct appointed times.  

Blessings to you all as you continue your journey to discover our paths in Father’s great restoration.  



Behold the Moon - Diane

When I became aware of the verse written in Jeremiah 31:35, I decided to observe the moon as much as I could to try to understand in any small way just what was assigned to it. I began to watch every new moon that was visible and discovered something interesting.  And what is the verse that piqued my interest?  

Jer 31:35  Thus said יהוה, who gives the sun for a light by day, and the laws of the moon and the stars for a light by night, who stirs up the sea, and its waves roar – יהוה of hosts is His Name: 36  “If these laws vanish from before Me,” declares יהוה, “then the seed of Yisra’ĕl shall also cease from being a nation before Me forever.” 

What laws?    The Strong's number for this word laws in Hebrew is 'chuqqah' which means:  appoint, statute, enactment, an appointment (of time, space, quantity...), task, engrave (like in stone), set.  

According to this information, this is a law that has been engraved upon the moon.  And what was engraved was an enactment; hence an appointment (of time, space, quantity, labor or usage), a statute, or task. 

Did you know that the moon’s illumination changes shape every day?  

Did you know that the moon’s illumination “rocks” through the year?  

Did you know that this rocking tells you when you are approaching the beginning of the appointed first month of YHWH’s calendar?  

Did you know that each new moon sliver is a different size?  

Did you know that by seeing that sliver size generally tells you if it is to be a 29 or 30 day month?  

Did you know that the moon rises about 50 minutes later each day?  

Did you know the moon follows the sun in its waxing and precedes the sun in its waning?  

Did you know that because the moon changes speed in it's eliptical orbit around the earth, it's monthly cycle can vary by up to 13.4 hours each month.  So no one really knows the day or the hour of the actual conjunction of the sun and moon?  

The scriptures are full of the marveling of YHWHs sovereign placement of the sun, moon and stars and the assigning of their duties and the covenant He has with them.  How could we possibly think we know the purpose of the moon or its importance?   Who are we to turn our eyes to a man made calendar with calculated mathematical new moons instead of beholding the majesty of His creation and seeing the heavens declare His glory?  Why do  we want to down play their role in His creation?  

Gen 1:14  And Elohim said, “Let lights come to be in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be for signs and appointed times, and for days and years, 15  and let them be for lights in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth.” And it came to be so. 16  And Elohim made two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night, and the stars. 17  And Elohim set them in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth, 18  and to rule over the day and over the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. And Elohim saw that it was good 

Deu 4:19  and lest you lift up your eyes to the heavens, and shall see the sun, and the moon, and the stars – all the host of the heavens – and you be drawn away into bowing down to them and serving them, which יהוה your Elohim has allotted to all the peoples under all the heavens. 

Psa 8:3  For I see Your heavens, the work of Your fingers, The moon and the stars, which You have established. 

Psa 89:37  “Like the moon, it is established forever, And the witness in the heaven is steadfast.” Selah. 





When we discovered that many things we believed were not from God but were instead traditions of men, some even brought in from pagan practices, we looked for the true path to worship and obey Father.  We turned to our brother Judah for direction.  This however was not what YHWH wanted.  He wanted to show us His pure path, for even Judah had strayed from it.  They also made their own traditions that kept one from following the pure path of YHWH.  They bound tethers around the people making the obeying of YHWHs' commandments burdensome and difficult to understand without a Rabbi or priest to interpret.  In digging into scripture and history we have been uncovering a simple walk set out by our Father.  Deuteronomy 30:11 says:  

For this commandment which I command thee this day, it is not too hard for thee, neither is it far off. 

This comforting statement is also echoed in 1 John 5:3:  

For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments: and his commandments are not grievous. 

After the time of the exile the leaders of Judah began putting what we call fences around the Torah of YHWH.  This was done by them to protect what He had set down for His people to follow.   These fences were referred to by Yeshua as "the traditions of men".  

Some of these fences, I am sure were set with good intentions to keep the people from violating Torah.  The big problem is when that fence takes on the equivalence of a commandment from YHWH Himself.  

One fence I am going to expose is when a day really started.  Let us begin by examining Gen. 1:1-5.  

Gen 1:1  In the beginning God made the heaven and the earth. 2  But the earth was unsightly and unfurnished, and darkness was over the deep, and the Spirit of God moved over the water. 3  And God said, Let there be light, and there was light. 4  And God saw the light that it was good, and God divided between the light and the darkness. 5  And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night, and there was evening and there was morning, the first day. 

We all know these verses practically by heart.  I suggest this may be our problem.  It is so familiar to us we don’t really see what it is saying.  We know that everything was made by Yeshua and without Him nothing was made.  We know that He is the Word made flesh.  Therefore, it was by the word of Elohim that all was made.  Now look again at the verses above.  What were the first WORDS  of Elohim?  “Let there be light”.   This was the beginning of the creating on the first day.  Light was the main object here.  The darkness that had covered the earth was now removed from its overbearing position.  After He saw this was good, Elohim divided the two.  How? The first to be put in place was ‘ehreb’ (evening – that time when day melts away) and then ‘boker’ (morning – that time when night retreats from the coming light). This completed the first day and prepared for the next day of creating.  

I have copied several quotes from different sources for you to read.

Jewish Encyclopedia, p. 591-597 "In order to fix the beginning and ending of the Sabbath-day and festivals and to determine the precise hour for certain religious observances it becomes necessary to know the exact times of the rising and setting of the sun. According to the strict interpretation of the Mosaic law, every day begins with sunrise and ends with sunset... p.475 "DAY" (Hebrew, "yom"): in the bible, the season of light (Gen. 1:5), lasting "from dawn (lit. "the rising of the morning") to the coming forth of the stars" 

Roland de Vaux, O.P., "Ancient Israel - Its Life and Institutions," tr. John McHugh,(McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., New York, rpr.1965), p.180-183 "In Israel, the day was for a long time reckoned from morning to morning...and it was in fact in the morning, with the creation of light, that the world began; the distinction of day and night, and time too, began on a morning (Gen. 1:3-5, cf. 14:16, 18). The opposite conclusion has been drawn from the refrain which punctuates the story of creation: 'There was an evening and there was a morning, the first, second, etc., day'; This phrase, however, coming after the description of each creative work (which clearly happens during the period of light), indicates rather the vacant time till the morning, the end of a day and the beginning of the next work..." 

The Jewish Festivals: History & Observance "This, approximately, is the picture we have of the Sabbath in those very old days, when both kingdoms, Judah and Israel, still existed. It was a festival on which there was a cessation of daily work, and the people assembled in the sanctuary to celebrate the day. The strict rest of later days was not yet a part of the Sabbath (p.6)...At any rate, beginning with the Babylonian exile, we find the Sabbath attaining a new significance, and a deeper spiritual the Babylonian exile...The Sabbath attained a higher state of development among the exiled Jews in Babylonia, and it was these exiled Jews who enforced on Palestine their sabbath, with its stricter observance and its universal rest (p.7)....The Jews in Palestine, about a century after the Babylonian exile, did not as yet know the strict Sabbath of the Babylonian Jews (p.8)...At The Beginning of The Common Era...In order to assure against profanation of the Sabbath the Jews added the late Friday afternoon hours to the sabbath (p.13)...The Sabbath in general, thus attained its peak in the first two centuries of the Common Era, the age of the Tannaim (My note: 70 AD-200AD), as the Jewish teachers and sages of that period were called. However, there were no Friday night services as yet. This most beautiful part of the Sabbath observance developed somewhat later in the age of the Amoraim (My note: 350 AD-500 AD), as the sages of the Talmud from the third century on were called, and it did not attain its highest peak until much later, at the very threshold of modern times. In the time of the Tannaim there was no Friday night service in the synagogue (p.14)...later it became customary to hold communal services in the Synagogue on Friday night..." (p.15). 

Jacob Z. Lauterbach, "The Sabbath in Jewish Ritual and Folklore," in the "Rabbinic Essays by Jacob Z. Lauterbach,"(Hebrew Union College Press, Cincinnati, 1951), p.437-470 'WHEN DOES THE SABBATH BEGIN? ... As the Sabbath is the seventh day of the week and extends over one whole day, a brief discussion of the development of the Jewish system of reckoning the day is necessary to determine the time of the coming in and the going out of the Sabbath. There can be no doubt that in pre-exilic times the Israelites reckoned the day from morning to morning. The day began with the dawn and close with the end of the night following it, i.e. with the last moment before the dawn of the next morning..."And it was evening and it was morning, one day." This passage was misunderstood by the Talmud, ... But it was correctly interpreted by R. Samuel b. Meir (1100-1160) when he remarked: "It does not say that it was night time and it was day time which made one day; but it says 'it was evening,' which means that the period of the day time came to an end and the light disappeared. And when it says 'it was morning,' it means that the period of the night time came to an end and the morning dawned. Then one whole day was completed." 

Edited by W. Gunther Plaut, "The Torah - A Modern Commentary," (Union of American Hebrew Congregations, New York, 1981), p.920- 930 'At what point did the civil day begin? There is some evidence that at one time the day was reckoned from sunrise to sunrise. But before the close of the biblical period, it had become standard to reckon the day from sunset to sunset, and this has been Jewish practice ever since... 

Julian Morgenstern, "The Sources of the Creation Story - Gen. 1:1-2:4," AJSL, XXXVI, (The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1920), p.169-212 In early Jewish practice, ..., it seems to have been customary to reckon the day from sunrise to sunrise, or, rather, from dawn to dawn. Thus the law for the "praise-offering" (Lev. 7:17 [Pt]) specifies that this sacrifice must be eaten on the day upon which it is offered, and that nothing may be left until morning. The repetition of the law in Lev. 22:30... is even more explicit: "On that very day (when it was sacrificed) it shall be eaten; ye shall not leave anything of it until morning. Clearly the next morning is here reckoned as belonging to the next day, and not the same day as the preceding evening and night. In other words, the day is reckoned here from sunrise to sunrise. 

In my husband Dennie's booklet "the Feasts of YHWH" calendar solutions, he shows detailed proof from the gospels of sabbath starting in the morning at Messiah's death, burial and resurrection.  (free e-book)  

Just because we have shown the error of thinking the day (especially Sabbath) starts in the evening does not mean the wonderful dinner that marks the end of a busy week and heralds in the Sabbath the next morning should be stopped.  What this information does uncover is that we are not violating any commandment if we finish up chores that evening before tucking ourselves into bed.  




Are our Holidays Christian or Pagaan?

 Christmas ... The Pagan Roots. 

 Get rid of Easter - the Pagan roots of Easter. 

 Mystery of Christmas - Part 1. 

 Mystery of Christmas - Part 2.